Just as the face of entrepreneurial business in the Hudson Valley has shifted to one that’s long-bearded and surrounded in plaid flannel, the new look of land stewardship in the Catskills is moving towards something much more active and popular-based than the flyfishing and solo hiker experiences that have characterized the state’s forest preserve parks for a handful of generations.
New plans to expand mountain bike and cross country ski trails throughout the Catskills are coming forth this spring in the form of a proposed revision to the state Department of Environmental Conservation’s Unit Management Plan (UMP) for more than 6,106 acres of forest preserve lands in the Shandaken Wild Forest, which is located in the central Catskills within the Ulster County town of Shandaken and adjacent Greene County town of Lexington. But the shifts in the state’s 2005 UMP appears to be but the tip of a larger shift in land use for the entire region, as well as the massive Adirondack Forest Preserve, that’s in keeping with major changes in the ways younger generations are approaching nature and their relationship with it.
“DEC is seeking public input on how to best manage these lands while providing access to a variety of outdoor recreational activities consistent with the Catskill Park State Land Master Plan,” reads last week’s press release from Region 3 Regional Director Kelly Turturro on the UMP revisions. “DEC’s goal is to protect the natural resources, provide outdoor recreational opportunities for residents and visitors, and ensure the Forest Preserve is an asset to the communities and a benefit to local economies.”
Taking a broader look at the state’s latest proposal for uses of the central Catskills Shandaken Wild Forest and its potential consequences for the entire forest preserve, Catskill Center executive director Jeff Senterman reflected this week that it ties in with a number of larger patterns he and others who work within the region have been noticing.
“We are seeing increasing levels of visitors who are coming to the region,” he said. “At the same time, there’s a growing recognition of the economic and public health benefits of this newfound popularity.”
Senterman went on to talk about a history of Catskill Park trails that focused for years on strenuous hiking up and down mountains. Now there’s a new emphasis on rail trails into the region, and a recognition that multi-user trails would open up opportunities for forest preserve access to many who’ve been unable to work with what’s traditionally been available. He highlighted the new Windham Path in Greene County, which allows for walking, jogging, and even bicycling along a well-built trail adjacent to a river.
“It’s a different kind of experience,” he said.
Similarly, the director of the Catskill Center — which has long prided itself as a champion of both the region’s conservation as well as development needs throughout its 49-year history — noted the maturation of mountain biking as a recreational sport in recent years. It’s now got its own destinations, including Windham in the Catskills, and seems to have finally drawn the interest of the state as a proper use for the many trails of its forest preserves in the Catskills and Adirondacks.
DEC spokesperson Wendy Rosenbach, who stressed the process-oriented element in the current plan’s amendment proposal — and the way it incorporates recent additions to the Shandaken Wild Forest tied to negotiations involving the nearby Belleayre Mountain ski center expansion and Belleayre Resort development process — noted that “DEC doesn’t necessarily think in these terms, but we definitely want people to get outside and use our lands.”
She referred back to the definition of wild forests within the Catskill Park as being for heavier use than designated wilderness areas, but less than the intensive use areas such as the ski center or nearby Pine Hill day use area. Some new recreational facilities already created within the Shandaken Wild Forest include a trail system, a lean-to in Rochester Hollow, and an accessible fishing pier on Lower Birch Creek property.
Alan Rosa, Executive Director of the Catskill Watershed Corp., noted for this story that “The CWC is happy to help more people enjoy the Catskills and to recognize the treasure we have here. It’s not so much a shift in use as an expansion beyond traditional hunting, fishing and hiking. The Catskill Park has something for everyone. We think it offers great potential for small business development.”
“The idea is to let the Catskills be what they’ve always been, a quiet place for people to retreat and relax,” added Catskill Mountainkeeper’s Kathy Nolan, who also serves as an Ulster County legislator for the Catskills. “All of these new uses are relatively low impact, and in addition to increasing access to the Catskill Park, allow for the region to become less reliant on winter as its main season.”
Spreading the uses; swimming at Wilson?
However…with all the new sorts of activity in the region, and its growing popularity, everyone we spoke with also noted new challenges from overuse. And hence new proposals coming forth to address such issues.
Senterman, at the Catskill Center, brought up an awareness that better trail design is needed, instead of older protocols to simply blaze ways to get from the bottom to the peaks of local mountains. He spoke about new trails at Kaaterskill Falls, in Greene County, but also the overcrowding problems that have occurred in recent years at the Blue Hole swimming spot off the Peekamoose Road in Sundown, where his organization will be hiring two stewards in tandem with the DEC, and a proposal has been put forth by the state to initiate a permit system for access on weekends and holidays.
“Access will still be free, and should this move forward it will be a true cutting edge test case,” Senterman said. “We’ll also be working with our on-site stewards to suggest other swimming areas at improved campgrounds and other sites throughout the park.
According to Rosenbach, at the state Department of Environmental Conservation, Kenneth Wilson State Park in Woodstock could end up becoming one of those alternatives, along with North/South Lake in Greene County, Minnewaska State Park, and several areas in the southern Catskills. She noted how a recent UMP revision for the Wittenberg-based park included the possibility of swimming so the state “could do studies and seriously look into what would be needed to make it happen again.” She added that those studies should be happening within the coming year.
“Overuse of the forest preserves is a challenge, but one we must face since we want people using our lands more,” Rosenbach said, adding that another example of the DEC’s means of accommodating new crowds has included the likes of the building of a new parking lot and trails at Overlook Mountain in Woodstock, scheduled for a formal opening at 11 a.m. this Friday, April 20.
Kevin Smith, president of the Woodstock Land Conservancy board, meanwhile noted how the Big Deep and Little Deep swimming areas in Woodstock are shifting to crowd-control measures this summer, and Massachusetts started instituting various beach permit systems years ago on Cape Cod and Martha’s Vineyard, among other places.
“The challenge now is to meet the new demand and make sure there are diverse opportunities for people to enjoy the Catskill Forest Preserve and not love it to death,” he said.
For those looking for specifics regarding the proposed revisions to the Shandaken Wild Forest Preserve, with all comments and suggestions due May 25, see http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/lands_forests_pdf/shandaken.pdf. For the new, more encompassing plan regarding mountain bike and cross country trails throughout the region, visit http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/lands_forests_pdf/shantrlplan.pdf.
Public comments on what should be included in the revised UMP can be mailed to Natural Resource Planner Pine Roehrs at NYSDEC, 21 South Putt Corners Road, New Paltz, NY 12561 or sent by email to R3.UMP@dec.ny.gov. Once developed, the final draft UMP will be widely distributed for public comment and a meeting will be scheduled.